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BREAST CANCER

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RISK FACTORS

  • Strong family history of breast cancer (genetic factors-BRCA 2 gene)
  • Early menarche and late menopause
  • Nulliparity

CLINICAL FEATURES

  • Palpable, hard, irregular, fixed breast lump, usually painless
  • Nipple retraction and skin dimpling
  • Nipple eczema in Paget’s disease
  • Peau d’orange ( cutaneous oedema secondary to lymphatic obstruction)
  • Palpable axillary nodes

INVESTIGATIONS: Tripple assessment

TREATMENT

  • Early breast cancer treatment is aimed at local control with wide excision, lymph node treatment and prevention of systemic relapse.
  • Late breast cancer is usually palliative and mostly medical.

 

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