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Tag: Head and Neck

Head and neck defect
Oct 21
2017

WHAT ARE THE ETIOLOGY OF HEAD AND NECK DEFECT?

The following are different etiolgy leading to head and neck defects: Neoplasia Infection Osteoradionecrosis Congenital defect Trauma Secondary to reconstruction

Jul 24
2017

Enumerate the derivatives of first branchial arch. What are the head and neck structure which develop from 3rd pharyngeal arch and pouch?

In the early embryo, the fore-gut develops between the brain above and the primitive heart below. The mouth is separated from the pharynx by the buccopharyngeal membrane which disappears around

CYSTIC HYGROMA
Jul 21
2017

What pre-operative counselling will you do for the surgery of Cystic Hygroma?

Damage to facial, hypoglossal and accessory nerves may be difficult to avoid in case of large  cystic hygroma so a nerve stimulator should be used . Because of the enormous

LYMPHANGIOMA
Jul 21
2017

What is lymphangioma? What are the theories of lymphangioma? What are its type? What are its clinical presentation?

Lymphangioma (LA) are degenerative lesions arising from the lymphatic and refers to a group of developmental anomalies in which the lymphatics fails to connect in the normal way to the

OK-432
Jul 20
2017

What is OK 432? How does it act? Which type of lymphangioma is more sensitive to it? How is lymphangioma managed surgically?

OK-432 It is  the new intralesional injection used to treat lymphangioma. It is named OK-432 (picinabil). The following are the advantages of OK-432:   Promising result It is an immuo-modulatory

Jul 20
2017

How will you treat lymphangioma? What are different modalities of management of neck lymphangioma? How will you treat lymphangioma without surgery?

If the lymphangioma is -small, cosmetically and functionally acceptable then observation and no treatment is required. Broomhead(1964) proposed 15% have spontaneous regression.   Repeated aspiration To relieve from rapid growth

Jul 20
2017

How will you diagnose the Lymphangiomas?

As a rule the diagnosis is apparent and are made on clinical grounds Ultrasound scanning may help To make prenatal diagnosis and there are report of infants being treated ex-utero

Cleft lip
Jul 18
2017

Classify craniofacial anomalies according to national specialist commissioning advising group (NSCAG)?

Craniofacial clefts.. Craniofacial dysostosis. Craniosynostosis. Encephalocele. Overgrowth, undergrowth or dysraphia associated with unilateral or bilateral orbital  dystopia or displacement. Any other complex anomaly where specialist feel that the expertise present

tracheomalacia
Jul 18
2017

List the causes of tracheomalacia?

Tracheomalacia can be associated with a variety of congenital anomalies, including cardiovascular defects, developmental delay, esophageal anomalies, and GER. It can be caused by a diffuse process of congenital origin

Tracheal stenosis
Jul 18
2017

Write the causes of tracheal stenosis? Mention different options of treatment.

Congenital causes: Longer-segment congenital tracheal stenosis is generally due to complete tracheal rings which are fused posteriorly and may be fused together to form a cartilage plate. (stove-pipe trachea or

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